Okay, here is the must read Zambia travel information for you! First things first, welcome to Zambia, the land of the big five: the Lion, the Leopard, the Elephant, the Rhino and the Giraffe.
As a traveller, whether you are on the long holiday or short holiday, a business trip or just a back packer, there are plenty of places offering modern amenities and amusements.
Getting around within the country is no problem. There are a lot of companies offering services for Car Hire in Zambia.
You can also travel by train by boarding Zambia Railways from Livingstone and connect with TAZARA and go all the way to Nakonde.
Ranked as one of the best countries where to spend your holidays, Zambia welcomes you to the heart beat of Africa. Never short of wild game, has plenty of waters and sun shine.
The Zambia people are a multi-ethnic and multi-racial country run by an elected president.
Currently, the Zambian government is headed by President Edgar Chagwa Lungu. The previous presidents were Michael C. Sata, Rupiah B Banda, Levy Patrick Mwanawasa, Frederick Chiluba and Kenneth Kaunda.
The country has experienced a massive increase in tourism and trade. Name it: traditional ceremonies, game viewing, natural resources, social life - it’s all there!
Accommodation ranges from five to three star rated hotels, motels and lodges to back packers’ inns and camps.
If you are planning to come and stay in Zambia, there is a number of Schools in Zambia to take your children to. Of course, there are private and public Universities, Colleges, Secondary Schools and Primary Schools.
The major local languages spoken are Bemba, Lozi, Luvale, Kaonde, Tonga and Senga. But don’t be fooled, the country is made up of several tribes, estimated to be over seventy three, each one with its own language or a similar of other larger languages.
Zambia is a landlocked country bordered by eight countries; Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.You can either fly in or enter through one of Zambian Border Posts.
The Map of Zambia shows that the country is about 753,000 (Seven Hundred and Fifty Three Thousand square kilometres). Most of which is made up of savannahs or sparsely wooded grassland. With a population of about 14.54 million, the countryside is sparsely populated.
The Zambian population consists of 98% African, 1.1 % European and about 0.2% other races. Of these, Christians dominate, followed by Islam, and Hindu. Some people still believe in traditional beliefs.
For some time now the captivating country’s biggest industry has been (due to recent instability in commodity prices, the government has started diversifying the economy) copper mining. Although most of the population, about 85%, depends on agriculture, 6% are in the service industry and the rest are in other industries. You can get into Zambia by road through any of its neighbours or alternatively you can fly into Zambia by using any of its airports. Once in Zambia, you can move about by using various transportation means available.
Throughout the year, Zambia commemorates over 13 public and religious holidays.
The country has three seasons: the cool and the dry Season, the hot and dry season and the hot and wet season.
Zambia is divided into ten (10) provinces.
Lusaka city, centrally located is not only the capital of the country but of Lusaka province as well. With a population of over three million, it is the biggest city in the country. You can travel from Lusaka to any part of the country either by road or by air to such places as Ndola, Livingstone, Mfuwe in Luangwa national park and Solwezi.
Further north is Kabwe, the provincial capital of central province. The province is home to the excavations of the broken hill man. This town lies on the great north road and can be accessed using the afore-mentioned road and by rail.
As the name implies, the province derives its name from its rich copper deposits. All the major cities on the copperbelt i.e. Ndola (capital of the province), Kitwe, Luanshya, Mufulira and Chingola were originally copper mining towns. Mining still remains the most common occupation in this province.
The province is the most urbanized in the sub-Sahara region. Traveling within the province is easy and accommodation is easily accessible.
If you happen to be in the province in early July, you are welcome to the Ndola international trade fair. The fair attracts exhibitors from all over the world, including the host country, Zambia.
The copper mining trend has grown further north to the North-Western province, where new mines are being developed and new ones being revamped. Solwezi town is the capital of this province and is its biggest town. The North-Western province is home to the source of the Mighty Zambezi River, which stretches up to the Indian Ocean!
South of North Western province lies the western province, famous for the Kuomboka Ceremony of the Lozi people. The ceremony, done annually is a movement of the Lozis from their flooded plains to higher ground.
Traveling to this area is by road or air. Mongu, a vibrant young town with a rural surrounding, is the capital of this province.
Livingstone befits the itinerary of the Zambian traveller. This is the home of one the wonders of the world, the Mighty Victoria Falls or as the local people call it, the Mosi-O-Tunya, i.e. the smoke that thunders.
Named after the Scottish explorer, David Livingstone, the city is the capital of southern province and is one of Zambia tourist attractions. Livingstone is located on the Zambia-Zimbabwe boarder. It is one place endowed with natural wonders. The scenery is beautiful and is full of wild game.
Home of Africa’s biggest man-made lake; the city is full of historical buildings.
Constructed in 1909 is the North Western hotel, now a historical monument. It’s the oldest existing hotel in the country. Next, if you want to peer into early times when trade and commerce were just emerging, check Ingombe Ilede.
Visitors can enjoy Helicopter rides over the Victoria Falls, white water rafting, canoeing and river safaris, open vehicle safaris and many more.
Of the four international airports in the country, Mfuwe airport has a unique setting. Situated in the South Luangwa National Park in Eastern Province, it is the only one not found in an urban area. Chipata City, south of the Mfuwe is the biggest town in the province and also the capital.
Reclusively situated, Mfuwe is serviced by direct flights or chartered flights from Lusaka. As a tourist in Zambia this is a place to be if you need a quiet working holiday.
In Northern Province you will come across Mpulungu town, the only port in the country.
Mpulungu port is on the shores of Lake Tanganyika which is shared by the Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania.
Fishing is the most popular activity in Mpulungu and for game lovers; you can go to the nearby Nsumbu National park.
The biggest town in the province is Kasama, which is on the route to Mpulungu. Apart from the fresh water of Lake Mpulungu and the wild life, a visit to the breath-taking Kalambo Falls is a place that you should not be able to miss!
Mansa town is the capital of the province. The province is inhabited by the Bemba people. Mutumboko festival is the major festival celebrated in the province.
Other breath taking tourist attractions to enjoy are:
The province is found in the northeast of the country. It borders with Tanzania and Malawi.
The capital of the province is Chinsali. Other important towns are Isoka, Mpika and Nakonde.
The name of the province comes from Muchinga Escarpment.
Do not forget about the Zambian Culture. Almost all provinces in Zambia have a traditional Ceremony.
Ukusefya Pang’wena of Chief Chitimukulu is one ceremony you can’t afford to miss in Northern Province. The Bembas, in this ceremony celebrate and remember their ancestors who travelled from the Luba-Lunda Kingdom. This ceremony comes in August and is not restricted to the Bembas only.
The Luvale people of the North Western province hold their Likumbi Lya Mize Ceremony towards the latter half of the year.
Shimunenga ceremony of the Ila takes place in October. If you happen to be in Southern province during this time, this is one event you sure should mark on the calendar.
Kulamba traditional ceremony of the Chewa people in the Eastern Province is also one which should not be missed.
Be sure to put one or all of these ceremonies on your calendar!
The most interesting aspects about this beautiful country are its richness and abundance of nature and its beautiful landscape. With so many places to visit and so many smiles from her people, you will be surprised that you will actually be at home away from home!
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