Kenneth Kaunda was the first Zambian president when Northern Rhodesia, (now Zambia) was granted independence in October 1964 after federation was dissolved in 1963. He continued to rule for the next 27 years, up to 1991.
Since there were no trained and educated Zambians, Kenneth Kaunda embarked on an ambitious program. Education and health were given priority. He built roads and railways to black ruled nations. In 1975 with the help of the Chinese people a railway, (Tazara) was built connecting Zambia with Dar-es-Salaam, in Tanzania.
Another project, a petroleum pipe line from Ndola to Dar-es-Salaam was completed in 1968.
Many privately owned companies were nationalized, including the mines in 1969. Jobs were now available for many trained Zambians. However, because of inefficiency and corruption, nationalization did not bring any favorable results.
Starting in 1975 there was a slump in world copper prices. For a country which was 80% dependent on exports of copper, this was a devastating blow to the Zambian economy!
To counter this, Zambia got big loans from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
It was tough for Zambia: South Africa even launched raids into Zambia against African National Congress camps. All these, coupled with economic sanctions against Rhodesia, had a telling effect on the economy.
The government arrested union leaders, among them Fredrick Chiluba. Due to mounting domestic pressure, Kaunda was forced to introduce multiparty democracy.
On 31st October 1991 elections were held. Kaunda was defeated by 80% to 20% by the movement for the Multi party Democracy (MMD), thus ending his 27 years rule in Zambia.
He was replaced by Zambias second president Fredrick Chiluba from the trade union.
Chirundu town is found at about 95 kilometers from Kafue town or 139 kilometers from Lusaka City. Chirundu town is at the border with Zambia and Zimbabwe.
As of 24 February 2017 Chipata became a city, making a total of five cities in Zambia, namely Lusaka, Kitwe, Ndola and Livingstone!
Commentary on the Zambian inflation rate. Check the current and updated figures here!